How much does kidney dialysis cost? 

How is it covered under the various options for Medicare Coverage?


How costly is kidney failure treatment?


Kidney failure treatment—hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, and kidney transplantation—is costly, and most people need financial help. The average cost to Medicare per person in 2011 was1

  • almost $88,000 for hemodialysis, a treatment for kidney failure that filters blood outside the body
  • more than $71,000 for peritoneal dialysis, a treatment for kidney failure that uses the lining of a person’s abdominal cavity as a filter
  • almost $33,000 for a transplant, surgery to place a healthy kidney from someone who has just died or a living donor, usually a family member, into a person’s body  *


Dialysis is used during end-stage kidney failure to replace the functions of the kidneys — including waste removal and regulation of blood levels of potassium and sodium.

Typical costs:

  • Dialysis is covered by health insurance.
  • For patients covered by health insurance, out-of-pocket costs typically include the deductible, and coinsurance for the treatment cost.
    • For example, with Medicare, a patient, once the deductible of about $150 is met, typically would pay coinsurance of 20%; but many Medicare patients also have secondary insurance to cover all or part of that cost.
  • A study published in Health Affairs[1] showed that the average U.S. patient pays $114 for dialysis-related drug costs and about $10 in dialysis costs per month.   *

See our page on what Plan F and Medicare Pay.

View Typical Summary of Benefits for MAPD

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